The purpose of this study is to gain an insight into critical analytical styles. It enables a student to argue a scenario critically to identify its potentials and drawbacks. In this way, it is easy to know a reliable and valid study among a collection of studies that have already been done. The paper examines the research on the ‘long-term condition’. A medical condition affects people that are aged. Long- term conditions are health conditions that cannot be cured, for example, arthritis. The long-term conditions can only be controlled by medication and other forms of therapies but cannot be cured. Based on the research, the aim was to gain an insight into the experiences of people aged 65 and above who have learned to live with the pre-existing long-term condition (Meerabeau & Wright 2012). The research article chosen is based on the study carried out in UK. The assessment is that more than 15 million people suffer from the long-term conditions. Eventually, the number is perceived to increase over time. Old people according to world health organization (2012) have been defined as those people who are aged 65 years and above. Old people increase yearly, hence, it is a serious matter and requires attention to form a platform on that the old people can be well attended to in line with their health status (Nicol 2011). The paper aims to identify the shortfalls on the research that was carried on UK. It is to identify the ways in that the research would have been more effective if the following issues would have been observed.
The study used the qualitative approach and the narrative research to gain the knowledge of the participants. The two methods applied are reliable but not valid. The use of the narrative technique could lead to biasness. The individuals are most likely to have given untrue information about their conditions. It means that there are greater chances for the exaggeration of the information by the participants. In addition, the people are old aged; it is, therefore, possible that some of them have a memory failure. At that condition, the information, they give upon their health status, is not reliable. The narrative approach based on its tactics of individual and group interviews it could be subjected to uncountable biases. There are no means whereby the narratives from the participants are verified to identify their truth nature (Randall & Ford 2011). It could, therefore, be said that the research to a great degree relied upon the word of mouth of the participants. It is a form of data collection but as if any other method it is not 100%, and it can be attached to some issues that the lender it unreliable to some scenarios. The method involves structuring questions that will be asked of the participants. It means that the questions needed to be well framed to capture a wide range of information and that which identify the key points in the research. There are chances of failure to capture those key points. The results obtained cannot be empirically calculated to be the truth. People answer questions depending on their perception, understanding, knowledge level, and the expected results. Collecting of data from hospitals would have been appropriate. It is because hospitals keep records of their patients. The records contain all the meaningful data about the patients (Presho 2010 ). The information in this case can be classified as primary data because it is recorded based on the patients results after a medical inspection. At this case, the respondents have no room to lie about their health conditions. There is also no point of data exaggeration by the respondents. The data is almost 100% perfect if the diagnosis were carried out well on the patients. The other advantage of such data is that they are already summarized; hence they will take a short duration to interpretation and analysis. Also, the data is in a form that is easy to form a collective summary based on the most recurring long-term conditions.
The size of a group in any activity that is carried out by a group work is an important issue to consider. The research used a number of six to eight members per group. The drawback of using an even number in such a case is that it will not be possible to evaluate the possibility. The groups should have comprised of five to seven members. It is easy to agree and make a judgment on such a group. There are no chances of a tie. However, one may argue that the information required is based on the individual’s life. In the case of individual life experiences, under a group situation there are various possibilities. The old aged persons may have failed to give out all the information about their conditions due to fear of the group environment. They could have felt that it will mean exposing themselves. In addition, some may have exaggerated their actual conditions. In addition, some could lie in order to maintain the status or reputation they hold in the society. However, long-term conditions are true conditions that many people suffer. The issue here is on acquiring valid information about the true status of the old aged people who suffer from the conditions (Johnson 2013). The use of interview as a means of data collection is effective, but it is sometimes failing to capture the truth. A case of interviewing a participant the response is usually driven by various factors. It does not necessarily capture the truth nature of the situation but captures the information. The researcher at times fails to observe the quality of the data collected and focuses on the quantity of the data collected. It may be the case with the long-term conditions research (White & South 2012). The respondents also do not put much emphasize on the quality of the information they usually give but needs to meet the requirements of the interview. Also, the respondents fail to answer some of the interview questions deliberately. It leads to failure of the interviewer to capture a wide range of the information. There is also the risk, of failing to meet the set standards. The researcher’s ends up making conclusions that are based on the assumptions but not the reality.
The discussions lasted for one to one and a half hours. It could be said to have taken a long time. It is because the time allows allow diverging and starting discussing issues that do not add value to the discussion. The respondents are likely to have brought about issues that are not necessary touching their health conditions. The time is so much that the respondents are in a position to manipulate their responses. The other issue is on the data analysis and interpretation. The two concepts require that the individuals are carrying out the tasks to have a wide range of skills and competence to carry out the activity adequately. It is beneficial since it allows capturing the nature of the scenario (Arnetz 2010). The method of data analysis used was thematic analysis method. The methods aim at quality summarize of data collected. The method is very tiresome, costly and takes a lot of time. Due to the named reasons the researchers are likely to do the work inadequately to obtain the results. The other method that could have been appropriate to use is the content analysis. The method would have effectively assisted to identify the missing contents within the interview forms. It would also have assisted to summarize the data on the numerical basis.
The research findings form the basis for the conclusion of the research. In this case, the findings tend to generalize those old aged people are subject to long-term conditions. The findings of the research were that the older people with the long-term conditions have experiences and needs that differ from the other people. The research failed to specifically identify the experiences and the needs of the old people. It is an important aspect to know the needs and experiences, how they occur and whether they are common to all. The research failed to identify the needs and experiences related to either of the long–term conditions. The long-term conditions are stated to comprise various diseases. The research findings failed to give results on the conditions that are most common among the old aged. It would have been of great importance since it could assist the medical officers to know the areas that need more attention. It could entail developing better means of handling such conditions among the people who suffer from them at a very early age. It could also help in minimizing the conditions at a late age. Understanding the conditions among the people is also an important aspect of the finding. There is the issue of condition management skills. The finding describes the individual’s management to skills to the condition (Robinson 2010). The findings details on how these individuals understanding to the conditions have developed with time. However, the findings fail to identify any uniform management skills among the respondents. It failed to answer whether the management skills are common or similar among the individuals. It is important to identify the trend of the management skills among the individuals. It would help while recommending on the best management skills to be applied. The finding also failed to identify the patient’s relation to the hospital services they obtain and their recommendations to the current situation (Porter 2005). It means establishing a mechanism to measure whether the hospitals satisfy the needs of the people with long-term conditions. It is an important aspect that allows measuring the appropriateness of the current situation and then creating room for bettering to conditions. It would help to get a lasting solution to the old aged in UK depending on the conditions they suffer from and minimize the risk of the increase of the old aged with long-term conditions.
The other finding of the research is the challenge of the old age and the conditions. In this case, the finding failed to correctly align the age with the conditions. In this case, it concerns how the age affects the management of the conditions. It also entails such aspects like technology and their relation to the conditions. The findings do not relate the age, technology, and the conditions. The factors have an effect on the individual’s ways of handling the condition. It could have laid the foundation for establishing ways to critically and technologically find solutions. The deteriorating attribute to the conditions is the conflict of the symptoms and the old age (Evans 2012). The individuals have no capability to distinguish the effects of the conditions and those of the old age. Was there such understanding to distinguish the named situations? Would such understanding it helps to better the situations? The above question could be answered if the findings identify the relationship in such situation (Waterston & Bryant 2010). The issue of technology is related to the finance. The aged 65 and above are retirees, and most of them have no source of outcome. The findings do not show the relationship that exists between the long-term conditions and finances. If there were a better means of solving the situation such as assisting the poor with the gadgets that would assist minimize the threats. The finding, therefore, fails to supply information of the percentage that can acquire quality services and that percentage that is not able to secure the services. It would have laid the foundation to the recommendations on the handling of the long-term conditions by the government.
As identified, the study is limited in all aspects. It is not attributed to perfection, but imperfections inhibit obtaining valid results. At this stage, the paper will incorporate the limitations that were experienced by the researchers as part of the papers critiques among the other critiques identified. The researchers identified the sample size as the main limitation. The sample size depends on various factors. Such factors include the population size, the researcher’s objectives, time available and the availability of resources. The aspects are important to consider when selecting the sample size. The researchers failed to critically analyze the scenario to determine the appropriate sample size for the study. A good analysis of the scenario would have led to the establishment of a good sample size. According to the research, the old-age puts a lot of importance to the health officers who attend to their conditions. The actual situation is that the old- aged value the health services depending on the results. It means that if the results of health conditions keep on deteriorating (Last 2011). The patients become reluctant on attending their health conditions. The way, in which the old-age manages the long-term conditions, is said to be an advantage. However, some of the skills applied to manage the conditions are passed by time and are not much effective since the conditions evolve. It is important to know how the skills are obtained among the individuals. However, the research does not identify the trend of skills development. The management skills fail to rhyme with the evolving nature of the conditions and the technological changes (Marant et al. 2012). The old-age need to be advised on the present conditions of their health situations. It is important as to make them aware of the management skills brought about by the technological advancements. The older people do not live on their own, but there are their families, friends, and the society. The relationship between the society and old age is very important aspect as it contributes greatly to the life of the old age. The research should have characterized the relationship to lay down recommendations based on the relationship.
It is true that the number of old aged people is growing. The number of those who are 65 and above and have preexisting long-term conditions is growing over time. Understanding the relationship between the old aged and the long-term conditions is an important thing in the lives of all people. It is true that it is hard to eliminate either of the two situations; hence, the best thing is to establish a harmonious way of living in them. It involves establishing a good living environment for the aged. The good environment will be created for ensuring there have been established effective ways that the diseases can be managed. It involves improving the management skills of the old age on their long-term conditions. It is in relation to the technological changes and recommendations. The technological changes are aimed at making a man’s life better and more comfortable. It is not; therefore, a duty of the medical officers only to take care of the situation, but the general society is obliged to contribute positively. The paper has criticized the research on the long-term conditions of the old aged people. In the process of criticizing, the writer has identified various issue that have been left behind, and attention to them would contribute towards making the earth a better place for all to live and enjoy life. It is mostly to the old age that has pre-existing long-term conditions.
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